This article will introduce you to the fracking pros and cons. Before proceeding ahead, let’s understand what is fracking? So, fracking is also known as hydraulic fracturing. It is the process used to release fossil fuel deposits from deep within the Earth’s surface. And the most common and popular extraction using hydraulic fracturing is natural gas which is used to heat around 85% of British homes. Let’s start without time delay and know about the fracking pros and cons.
What Are Fracking Pros And Cons?
It is important to understand the fracking pros and cons so you can make an informed decision. Read out the fracking pros and cons list given below.
- Access to more gas & oil reserves
- Reduces coal production
- Jobs creation
- Energy security
- Water contamination
- Ecological destruction
- Carbon emission
Let’s understand all these pros and cons of fracking in detail.
So, the fracking pros will tell you why fracking is beneficial for you.
To meet national energy consumption needs for years to come, the UK has large enough reserves of shale oil gas. This would allow the UK to depend much less heavily on foreign gas & oil imports.
Access To More Gas & Oil Reserves
Accessing gas & oil from shale, though still finite, helps reduce the exhaustion of gas & oil resources from conventional extraction methods. According to the OGA, UK petroleum reserves are projected to sustain production for another 20 years or more.
Reduces Coal Production
According to the fracking pros and cons 2020 and the fracking pros and cons 2021, the development of fracking operations would allow the UK to reduce its production of coal for electricity.
Fracking jobs may create new opportunities, especially in rural areas where British shale gas and oil deposits primarily lie. A study in 2014 stated that fracking could generate over 60,000 new jobs.
The natural gas extracted from fracking can be used in cleaner gas-fired power stations to make up for any shortfalls in solar and wind electricity production that are unavoidable with changing weather patterns.
So, the fracking cons will tell you why is fracking bad.
One of the worst cons from the list of water well fracking pros and cons is that fracking does water contamination. Because the chemicals used in the fracking process are potentially toxic and coils contaminate local water supplies or cause pollution on the surface.
In 2011, it was recorded that fracking triggered an earthquake near Blackpool, shortly before the introduction of a six-year moratorium.
You can not perform the fracking process in living areas so many fracking proposals face opposition from local communities due to concerts over the industrialization of rural areas. Also, it will make noise and create much traffic with a great number of trucks hauling equipment and water waste.
Fracking sites reduce, damage, risk disturbing, fragmenting, or entirely destroying local habitats, threatening the wildlife dependent on them. Therefore, the Government in 2015 included 293 sites of special scientific interest and 188 wildlife trusts targeted for fracking.
Carbon emission is a serious issue due to fracking. Fossil fuels extracted by fracking still emit dangerous amounts of greenhouse gases that contribute to increasing global warming. And the worst thing in the UK is that here unused coal may end up being sold and used outside the country.
What Are The Cons To Fracking?
Fracking pollutes groundwater, increases greenhouse gases, and causes earthquakes. According to Environment America Research and Policy Center, “Fracking uses vast quantities of chemicals known to harm human health.
What Is Fracking Good For?
Fracked natural gas burns more cleanly than coal and oil, so the net result is less carbon and other particulates. By replacing coal with gas, America has led the world in reducing carbon pollution. It may sound strange, but natural gas is a fossil fuel that’s so far been good for the climate.
Why Should Fracking Be Banned?
Supporters of a fracking ban say the environmental costs of the practice outweigh any economic benefits. The process can release toxic chemicals into the air and contaminate drinking water supplies. Fracking sites can leak methane into the atmosphere, cause explosions and even create earthquakes.
Why Is Fracking A Problem?
Fracking sites release a toxic stew of air pollution that includes chemicals that can cause severe headaches, asthma symptoms, childhood leukemia, cardiac problems, and birth defects. In addition, many of the 1,000-plus chemicals used in fracking are harmful to human health—some are known to cause cancer.
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In this article, you have learnt about what are the pros and cons of fracking in detail. And while reading the pros and cons to fracking you can clearly say that no doubt the fracking process has made it easy to extract the deposits of the fossil fuels but it is not good for the environment. This process emits carbon into the atmosphere which will create a climate crisis. So, after reading the fracking pros and cons you can make your decision on it.
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